The constant warnings about expulsion coupled with repeated threats of execution and incitement to murder and the serious restrictions placed on access to the most essentials, including medical care, constitute a manifest case of psychological torture against the residents of Ashraf. This is particularly the case because last July, Iraqi forces attacked the Camp, killing several residents and wounding hundreds. In this context, the current threats about another attack have the effect of a psychological threat. The 1984 UN torture Convention defines torture as "any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person [Š]" (Art. 1, par. 1).
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